Martin Luther and the Four Salvation “Solas”

Martin Luther launches Protestantism in the sixteenth century on a foundation of five “solas” – the Latin word meaning “alone.”  One of these is “sola-Scriptura,” which deals directly with authority.  That topic will be covered at a later time.  The other four “solas” are related to a Protestant understanding of salvation.  Simply stated, the Protestant … Continue reading Martin Luther and the Four Salvation “Solas”

The Image of the Father and Penal Substitution Theology

I began this series on the atonement with a question about whether or not the crucifixion of Christ was God’s active will, or His permitted will.  The Cathechism provides the answer from the Catholic perspective: CCC600 To God, all moments of time are present in their immediacy.  When therefore he establishes his eternal plan of … Continue reading The Image of the Father and Penal Substitution Theology

An overview of Protestant Penal Substitution Theology

With the advent of Protestantism in the sixteenth century, the understanding of the atonement undergoes a significant change in thinking.  This theology is generally referred to as “penal substitution.”  As with the Catholic understanding, in this view Christ is our substitute.  The foundational difference is in the way he is standing in our place.  As … Continue reading An overview of Protestant Penal Substitution Theology